Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve 2/3
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Cuyabeno Reserve was created on July 26, 1979 by Ministerial agreement A-322, with an area of 254,760 hectares.

Its boundaries have been modified twice: in July 1991 the area was extended to a total of 655,781 hectares to conserve natural and cultural resources, including the Cuyabeno river basins, the river course of Aguarico,  Lagartococha and its feeders,  and associated lakes. This boundaries enabled the sustainable development of human communities immersed in it.

 

Subsequently, in December 1993 52 401 hectares occupied by settlers were excluded. This is how Cuyabeno Reserve currently has 603,380 hectares, 435,000 were established  as a intangible zone, meaning that is absolutely prohibit any mining activity, including oil, gas and timber extraction.

 

Approximately 557,000 hectares of the territory of the Cuyabeno Reserve are  inhabited by eight communities from five indigenous nationalities: Siona, Secoya, Cofan, Shuar and Kichwa. These people have handled thousands of years their territories under the protection of their own laws, knowledge and beliefs. The close relationship of these cultures with the natural environment where they live and have operated, has allowed them to accumulate a wealth of knowledge and skills, contributing to preserve the rainforest biodiversity, the maintenance of agro-food,  part of the wealth of the country, traditional medicine and the knowledge transfer practice about the active principles of wildlife and ecosystem functions.

 

One of the outstanding communities of the Cuyabeno Reserve is the Cofán Sábalo Center. The community is located in the central part of the reserve on the banks of the Rio Aguarico near the outfall of the River. Its territory covers an area of ​​138,272.56 hectares. Currently the Cofán center has 16 families, 74 people with a dispersed settlement. The Community of Sábalo is one of the beneficiaries of the declaration of intangible zone, because their territories are within it.

 

The origin of the community dates back to 1972 when a group of Cofan families fled the effects of oil exploitation and the colonization of the area. Most families come from Dureno:  the families that migrated were Mendu, Mashicuri, Criollo and others, who initially created a settlement in this place, motivated by the presence of wildlife diversity for hunting, tourist attractions into the area and the interest in participating projects that began to run. Likewise other communities of their ethnicity, they have been characterized by applying mobile settlement patterns.
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