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Chimborazo Reserve is located in the provinces of Chimborazo, Tungurahua and Bolivar in the heart of the majestic Ecuadorian Andes.

 

HOW TO GET THERE?

The reserve has an area of ​​58,560 hectares and an altitude range between 3,800 and 6310 m.a.s.l. Chimborazo Reserve was created on October 26, 1987 in order to protect the wilderness, flora and fauna of the area.

 

The reserve was named after the highest volcano in Ecuador: Chimborazo (6,310 meters), located 150 kilometers southwest of Quito at the central Andes. It represents one of the main volcanoes in the world for being the farthest from the center of the earth. Its Earth diameter, in the equatorial latitude, is greater than the latitude of Everest, 28 degrees at the north, approximately.

 

Chimborazo elevation is 2547 meters smaller than the Everest, that is, 6384.4 km from the planet's center, 2.1 km farther than the summit of Mount Everest. Chimborazo is an extinct volcano, however, studies report that to the north, hydrothermal temperatures presents some sources of water with 47 Celsius degrees, what could be inferred as future volcanic activity.

 

The colossal Chimborazo was visited by Alexander von Humboldt, Aimé Bonpland and accompanied by the Ecuadorian Carlos Montufar, also by the Liberator Simon Bolivar, who wrote a poetry titled “Mi delirio sobre el Chimborazo” (My Delirium about Chimborazo).

 

In the same place, next to the Chimborazo, is located the mountain called The Carihuairazo, with an elevation of 4,900 meters, which has a  snow-covered oiler with a  diameter of two kilometers.

 

"Before the arrival of the Spanish, the indigenous denominated it Shingburazo o  Urcorazo which means snow hill. An ancient native legend tells that the Chimborazo and the nearby hills Carihuairazo, -both men, fought each other for the love of Tungurahua-female mountain-. The angry suitors threw rocks for each other until Chimborazo prevailed. Apparently the natives explained the fact that both volcanoes were active at the same time, then the Carihuairazo collapsed and extinguished as long as the Chimborazo remained standing with its upright cone".

 

Chimborazo Reserve has moorland, trees and bushes of rosemary, mortiño, chuquiraguas (climber flower), appendage, sacha chocho, valerian; there  are also quishuares (shrubs that grow and develop at altitudes over 2800 meters), pumamaquis, peppers, small shrubs and Stipa, Calamagrostis and fescue, as well as other endemic species from the Andes.

 

In the erode areas, where crop out Cangahua (hardened sterile layer, located in the pyroclastic volcanic old rocks), the dominant vegetation is xerophytic scrubland (plant adapted to arid conditions where water is limited. These plants have adapted, in different magnitudes,  to absorb, hold, or prevent loss of water. Other characteristic specie of the region is the capulí, endemic tree of Ecuador with small, round and red fruits.

 

how to get there

The Fauna Production Reserve of Chimborazo is located 180 km from Quito, there are several routes by which you can access to the Reserve.

 

The main one is from Quito along the Panamericana, taking the detour to Sigsipamba - Cuatro Esquinas – Ruta de los Hieleros.

 

Chimborazo volcano is located 201 km from Quito.

 

To arrive at the reserve from the city of Riobamba, you have to take the road La Chorrerra- Templo Machay-Cuartel Inca-Yanarumi.

 

To go to the valleys of Carihuairazo and Abraspungo the route starts from the road Ambato-Guaranda. The Puna is a tipical plateau of neotropical ecosystems of Andean mountains.
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