Llanganates National Park 1/3
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Llanganates National Park is located between the Andean and sub-Andean regions of the Eastern Cordillera of Ecuador in the provinces of Cotopaxi, Tungurahua, Napo and Pastaza.



The Reserve has an area of 219,707 hectares and an altitude range that goes from 1,200 up to 4571 meters. It was created by Resolution No. 002, on January 18, 1996.


The Cordillera de los Llanganates (Llanganates Range), located within the park, is known since ancient times due to the myth of the treasure of Atahualpa. People say that into these majestic mountains is buried a treasure. Likewise, the Cordillera is home to the history and legend of General Rumiñahui, who in a heroic struggle, safeguarded the treasures of the Kingdom of Quito. Llanganates, in Quichua voice read llaganati, means "beautiful hill".


The Incas turned the Llanganates into a very important ceremonial center or "Huaca", and extracted gold from the mountains creating a road infrastructure that today can be seen from the remains preserved.


Llanganates vegetation is characterized by the presence of moorland and forest soils derived from volcanic ash and a great diversity of flora. Among the most representative vegetation systems there are:


Herbal Moorland. This area is derived from volcanic rock and ash, and is distinguished by the presence of almohadillas (humid little bushes). It is located between 3450 and 4,000 meters. In these moors predominate penacho herbs (bunch). Bunches of herbs are usually mixed with other herbs and small shrubs.


Moorland of dwarf bamboo. This paramo is characterized by dominant vegetation in the east and south areas of the park upon the 3,700 meters. Here there is the Dwarf Bamboo (angustifolia or cane bamboo, a plant traditionally applied in construction, its advantages in impact resistance and moisture make it optimal to build houses in rural areas). The plant reaches up to three or more feet tall with a stem and leaves stiff and rigid, with pointed apex. The area is also characterized by the presence of grasslands with few shrubs and creeping plants.


Upper montane evergreen forest. It is found between 3,000 and 3,600 m with bushes and remnants of volcanic soil, dominated by trees of eight meters high and epiphytes. This forest is similar with the montane cloud forest in the amount of mosses and epiphytes (plants that grow on other plants, but produce their own food).


Frailejones Forest. This forest is located 3,500 meters from the lake that takes his name and the foothills of Cerro Negro (Black Mountain). Dominated by frailejones characterized by being "woody plants, with two forms of life: caulirrosula, a stem (underground or up to 12 m. tall) with leaves clustered in a rosette at the stem end; and trees with leaves clustered at the ends of branches. Frailejones of Llanganates are outstanding for their large size.


how to get there

Llanganates National Park is located 60 km north-east of the city of Ambato, by the way that goes to Pillaro. From the city of Salcedo, not far from Ambato, the income is 30 km away.


Because this place is remote, we recommend you to contact your travel agency or tour operator of choice.

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