PULULAHUA GEO-BOTANICAL RESERVE 1/2
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Pululahua Geobotanical Reserve is located in the Pichincha province, 17 km north of Quito and near to the area Mitad del Mundo.

 

HOW TO GET THERE?

Its area reaches 3383 hectares and its altitude varies between 1,800 and 3356 meters above sea level. The average temperature of the Reserve is between 13 º and 15 º degrees,  and at the lower elevations ups to 27 Celsius degrees.


This National Park was created by Decree No. 194 on January 28, 1966. And on February 17, 1978 through Decree No. 2559 was declared Geo-botanical Reserve. This reserve is located inside the Pululahua volcano, and boasts great diversity of fauna and flora, also has important water resources. The volcano is located in the Cordillera Occidental of the Andes with an altitude of 3,360 meters and its last eruption was 2,300 years ago. This last one caused the volcano collapses.


The Incas, after the dwell of yumbos and cotocollaos, inhabited this area 75 years  before the Spanish arrived. The conquerors created the landed of Pululahua, Calacalí, Caspigasí and Tanlagua, which were run by religious orders like Compañia de Jesus (the Jesuits). The dynamics of the property consolidated the appropriation of large tracts of land in few hands, during the ending of the eighteenth century and during the XIX. However, the Liberal revolution led by Eloy Alfaro confiscated from landlords and distributed the land to the dispossessed.

 

 In 1964 the Ecuador's “Junta Militar de Gobierno”, impulsed the agrarian reform to distribute unused productive land and end the concentration of significant agricultural areas in the hands of a small group of land owners. The lands were distributed among the poor people. For the matter of Pululahua area, the lands were given to working families in the landed of the same name. Currently, families that descend from the process of miscegenation between whites and Ecuadorian cultures Cotocollao, Yumbo and Chorrera,  are the owners  of the agricultural land settled within the Pululahua volcano.

 

The reserve is the home of a vegetation consists of Montane cloud forest. It is located between 1,800 and 3,000 meters and here  can  be seen plants and natural varieties such as arrayán, orange,  small avocado, magnolia, the platanillo( small banana), May flower, among others. Between 2,200 and 2,400 m is located the Montane scrub rock haze. Several species of vegetation inhabit this beautiful place, among them are observed: licopodies or deer horn, is a plant with purple leaves and have a formation of small green leaves inside the blooms. In the higher areas is the upper montane evergreen forest at an altitudes of 3,000 and 3356 meters. These areas are characterized by palm branches, Tarqui, moya, punta lanza (spearhead) and bromeliads.

 

how to get there

To get to the Geo-Botanical Reserve Pululahua you should take the bus to La Mitad del Mundo in Quito. There are routes that reach the entrance to the balcony; others come only to Mitad del Mundo.

 

From La Mitad del Mundo you can take a van up to the bay window ($ 2.50) or even inside the boiler ($ 15). From the viewer you have a 30 minute walk to the boiler. If you go in private transport to the boiler, you must entered by the highway Calacalí before reaching the said town, passing the only gas station in the section, is the entrance to this reserve.

 

Similarly, the Reserve is the home of numerous wildlife species like squirrels, rabbits, fruit bats, culpeo fox, puma (mountain lion), Andean Bear, armadillo and Weasels.
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