Sangay National Park 1/2
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Sangay National Park is located at the central eastern Ecuador in the provinces of Chimborazo, Tungurahua, Cañar and Morona Santiago



Sangay National Park has an area of ​​517,765 hectares and an altitude range extending from 1,000 to 5230 m.a.s.l. It was created on June 26, 1979 by Agreement No. 0392. It is one of the three parks in the country, near the Yasuni and Podocarpus.


The name of the park is due to the Sangay volcano. The name comes from the Quechua language Sangay native word that means terrorize, frighten. According to research, the name could be about 5,000 years old, just when the explosion of the mountain above the Sankay happened, which sent thousands of tons of ash and pyroclastic rocks into the atmosphere. Perhaps for this reason the natives named it as Sangay.


Sangay volcano has a height of 5,320 meters and is located in the eastern region, 45 kilometers southwest of Riobamba. The central crater has a diameter of 100 meters and a depth of 50 meters. This volcano has been erupting and volcanic activity since approximately sixty years.


The park has over 324 lagoons, three volcanoes, the aforementioned, Tungurahua and Altar. The ancient boiler of the El Altar volcano forms the lagoon Mandar. Here can be seen 9 peaks: Obispo (5404m), Monja Grande (5160m), Monja Chica (5080m), Tabernaculo (5295m), Fraile Oriental (5060m), Fraile Central (5070m), Fraile Grande (5180m), Canonigo (5355m) and Fraile Beato (5050m).


Sangay National Park is home of several ecological zones, including tropical forests, moors and perpetual snow on the tops of volcanoes. Most representative plant species are: Royal Palm, guayacum, cedar, olive, myrtle, camphor tree, mahogany, laurel, bromeliads, chontaduro, alder, tall grass, orchids, mosses, among others, and a variety of epiphytes (plants that grow on other using it only as a plant stand, but not as parasite. These plants are sometimes called "air plants" because they do not take root on the ground). Because of its extraordinary biodiversity, Sangay National Park was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983.


Among the most important mammals are: the wild guinea pig and Azuay shrew, the mountain tapir, spectacled bears, chorongo, guanfando (woolly opossum), nutria, small ocelot, Andean cat, jaguar, cougar and dwarf deer. There are some species that are endangered as the mountain tapir, spectacled bear and the porcupine with a short tail.


Sangay National Park is dominated by endemic birds like the parrot cachetidorado and toucan, Andean condor, military macaw, turkey, among others.


how to get there

Sangay National Park has not an easy access so we recommend you to contact your travel agency or tour operator of choice.

The cost of the Sangay National Park right of enter is $ 10 USD.


For the high wilderness areas is relatively easy to find guides in the cities of Baños and Riombamba. In addition there are hiking trails, horseback riding and even hot spring baths.


To access the tropical lowlands is necessary to move to Macas and get a turist guide. Do not try to access without a certified guide because the roads are poor and it is probably that the natives within the reserve will be uncomfortable with unexpected guests.
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