These ethic groups are: Quechua, Huaorani, Achuar, Shuar, Cofán, Siona-Secoya, Shiwiar, Zapara and Andoas. The Tagaeri and Taromenani, linked with the Huaorani are not contacted by Western civilization, living away because they will.
The Shuar people have been long studied and are the largest cultural group of the Amazon basin of the Ecuador. Shuar People, like many of other Amazonian nationalities, is dedicated to agriculture and also practice fishing, hunting and farming.
Agriculture and cattle rearing are not considered traditional practices of these people. They actually are part of these activities because today they are a sedentary population; the jungle has been expropriated by transnational corporations and oil companies, that’s why they have been forced to live in a single territory to defend it, thereby changing great part of its socio-cultural system with no specific land.
The Amazon rain forest is one the large ethnographic and cultural diversity regions in Ecuador. There is located the famous Yasuní National Park.
This region is dominated by the Shuar people, a people that had fought a hard fight against the oil companies to preserve their territory.
In the Amazon there are ethnic groups which do not have contact with Western society.