huapula (sangay) - morona santiago 1/3
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The Huapula archaeological place, whose common name is Sangay, is located in the province of Morona Santiago, in Morona canton, specifically in the parish of Sevilla Don Bosco, heart of Ecuadorian Amazon.

According to historical studies thousands years ago tribes of Amazonian and Caribbean origin migrated towards the forested lands of the current Ecuador and made this area their home. In some cases it was permanent and in many others, transitional home. In addition there is evidence of migration of human groups from the Sierra region.

 

In recent centuries the Amazonian cultures have been influenced by Spaniards, settlers and religious missions. Since the 16th century, the Spaniards made several raids into the territory, in different communities and forested areas in order to find pieces of gold and precious minerals.

 

On the other hand, since the 17th century the indigenous communities are influenced by religious missions, whose intervention is still controversial, with followers and opponents to the present day. The jungle was mainly visited by Jesuits, Franciscan Missionaries and finally, in the last decades of the previous century, the Salesianos order, which religious, educational and evangelists centers are still in the jungle.

 

In this context of colonial, religious and "civilization" expansion, has been keep the remains of the archaeological place Huapula (almost in its totality). The biggest Center structure in extension and the one who has the most importance is located on the banks of the Río Upano.  

 

According to Salazar research, the archaeological place Huapula is located on a strip of land of 2400 meters long and 300 meters wide, descending in a northeastern - southeastern direction. This space border on one of its sides with the Upano ravine, and on the other side with the Huapula River, which collects the water of several river sources in the Highlands of Balcones.

 

In the middle of this strip of land, the ground has a widening and form a projection called La Lomita, looking towards the ravine, and abruptly falls 100 meters down to the channel of the Upano. 1 Km. away,  southeast direction,  can also be found another promontory called Teisha.

 

This is the location and general description of the archaeological place Huapula whose mounds, roads and canals were built and abandoned by the Upano societies between 700 B.C. and 400 A.D. Some of these places were re occupied later by the groups known as the same complex, Huapula, between 800 and 1200 a.d, according to Stephen Rostain.

 

Huapula is the largest mounds set of the Valley  of Río Upano. As mentioned, it was built by Upano culture, inhabited until 400  a.d., without denying the existence of subsequent  inhabit phases.
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