Chobshi - Azuay 1/3
archaeology ecuador archaeological sites ecuador chobshi archaeology archeology archeological sites ecuador chobshi
The Chobshi community is part of Sigsig rural Parish, Sigsig, in the province of Azuay. It is located 62 Km from the city of Cuenca and 7 Km from Sigsig.
PHOTO CREDIT: lehamsy

The archaeological place is located in the foothills of the Huallil Hill, on a wide plateau that abruptly comes down to the River Santa Barbara. The topography of the terrain varies between Plains, mountain slopes and several hills, creeks and representative lagoons in the vicinity, such as the Lagoon of Chobshi and Narig.

 

The archaeological place of Chobshi-Shabalula has different spaces and architectural elements in a large area of approximately 50 hectares. There are important areas: the Black Cave of Chobshi, the castle of Chobshi, better known as the castle of Duma and the Ingapirca of Shabalula.

 

Chobshi's Black Cave:

It’s the most representative area of the place because it has one of the oldest findings of the ancient occupation of hunter gatherer man in the current Ecuador. That’s why it has become one of the emblematic locations of the Austro Ecuadorian Paleo-Indian period.

 

This cave was used as a shelter for the primitive man and was a site intended to carry out many activities related to the hunter-gatherers 10,000 years ago. The cave has a height of 6 meters, a depth of 9 meters and 15 meters at the entrance. The researches have been estimated the cave is from the beginnings of the post-glacial, between the 8060 and 5585 B.C.

Among other important features, it should be emphasize the presence of Obsidian in the place, which is a rock of volcanic origin used to make variety of lithic instruments. Obsidian comes from the northern mountains of the Ecuador, specifically Quiscatola, 450 km. from the cave. This fact demonstrates the mobility the settlers of the paleo Indian of the old Ecuador had.

Some of the materials they handmade are: foliar and stalk spearhead similar to others contemporary found in Ecuador; carved stone; engraver's chisels ; scrapers; perforators, pounders, and other instruments that were used for hunting. Other rocks used as well as Obsidian were the Flint and basalt.

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