Rumicucho - Pichincha 1/2
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The Pucará or Rumicucho fortress is located in the province of Pichincha, Quito canton. Very close from the city Mitad del Mundo, you can visit this archaeological space also identified with the name of Lulumbamba, in the parish of San Antonio de Pichincha.
PHOTO CREDIT: iNyar

Rumicucho means “stone corner” and was formerly called Lulumbamba or “fertile plain”, name given by its privileged location on the Hill of oblong shape that allowed the construction of the terraced area, which were also intentional modifications.


On a natural Hill 600 meters long and 150 meters wide and 24 meters height, the area was modified to get this pyramidal structure characterized by its horizontal spaces or terraces.

 

The Pucará has an elongated distribution from North to South direction. The architectural space of Rumicucho presents five horizontal spaces or terraces that have different shapes and sizes, being the most common shapes rectangular, circular, and quadrangular.

 

According to the researches the space of the pucará was distributed in three well-marked areas: the ceremonial, on the third terrace; a space of consumption of food and probable ritual place, in the first and second terrace; and the fifth terrace and lateral spaces were household and housing.

 

The majority of pucarás distributed throughout the Andean region have had military and Observatory purposes. In the case of this majestic building, according to the previous paragraph, it was used for many purposes. The main one was the strategic military purpose, and secondly it was used as a space of ritual activity, the latter in particular because of its proximity to the Middle of the World (Mitad del Mundo).


In addition, researches insist on housing occupancy by the evidence of pottery, remains of animals, and everyday utensils. These discoveries presuppose the existence of a large number of occupants, Incas and native people of the area, such as the Caranquis, Quitus, Panzaleos and Cuasmal.

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