Rumipamba - Pichincha 1/2
archaeology ecuador archaeological sites ecuador rumipamba ruins ecuador archaeology archeology archeological sites ecuador rumipamba ecuador ruins
An ancestral area inhabited from 1500 B.C to 1500 A.C. is in the middle of the Parque Ecológico Rumipamba. This complex is located at the West of the capital of Ecuador, Quito, in the Avenida Occidental and Mariana of Jesus.
PHOTO CREDIT: planeta

This Natural and archaeological museum are evidence of Quitu culture, and even older cultures of our Ecuadorian Aboriginal history and cultures that inhabited Rumipamba in discontinuous way throughout history.

Rumipamba, quichwa word which means pampa or "plain of stone", is a Museum in situ whose traces correspond to many archaeological periods, among which are: remains of the period known as the “Late Formative”, from 1500 B.C to 500 B.C studied through the ceramic remains evidence of this dating. There are vestiges of the next period called "Regional development", from 500 B.C. to 500 A.C., characterized by the presence of tombs and associated with fragments of drilled tripods dishes and variety of pottery found on the site.

 

The evidence of the integration period, from 500 A.C. to 1500 B.C consists of remains of villages and homes built in mud and straw roof, which were built surrounded by stone walls. There is also evidence of superficial undercrofts, located very close to the aforementioned housing structures of this period. These funerary structures mainly are ceramic ceremonial objects that give us evidence of their ritual customs related to death.

 

Finally, Inca walls can be seen in the late pre-colonial period. There are also coluncos, trails dug by the Yumbos inhabitants of this area for centuries before the Spanish conquest arrive. Coluncos were used to cross the Andes to the coast.

 

Surely, the occupation of this place was not continuous. It should have been disrupted by volcanic eruptions, especially those of the Pululahua and Guagua Pichincha volcanoes. These and other data are still in research. Archaeological excavations are in progress and the visitor can observe how the researcher field work is carried out.

 

The Archaeological and ecological Park Rumipamaba covers an area of 32 hectares where have been found, since 2001, a large amount of archaeological evidence prior to the Spanish conquest, especially of architectural character. The archaeological area is crossed by the stream of the same name that originates on the Western flanks of the Pichincha volcano. In the center of this lush landscape you can visit and see the sites of excavation and restoration of ceramics, one of the elements that are more abundant in the area.

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