The advantaged geographical location of Ecuador creates a wide variety of climates. Several climates are created owing to: different altitudes and diverse ecosystems that are part of Ecuador.
Ecuador climate ranges from very high temperatures - as in the internal area of the coast and in the forest of the East- to very low temperatures in the snowy peaks of the Andes. For this reason, the climate of Ecuador should be considered according to its natural regions.
The average temperature in the coast region generally varies between 22 ° C and 28 ° C. Winter goes from December to May, and summer from June to December. In these two times the average temperatures fluctuate around 28 ° C (winter) and 24 ° C (summer), with changes in temperature due to the dry cold wind coming from the southwest, from the sea. Another climate feature of the coast is the winter month’s plentiful presence of rains.
In the mountains, Sierra, the average temperature goes between 7 ° C and 21 ° C. It’s characteristic of the region the existence of extreme temperature and its variation during the same day. So you can have very hot days, rainy afternoons and cool nights. Winter season or rainy season, is from October to May, and summer season is from June to October. The climate of the Sierra is very varied, due to the presence of the Andes mountain range and the winds that blow by valleys and plains. In this region you can find the following climates: Andean tropical, Andean subtropical, temperate, and cold and glacial climates.
As you can see, as part of the equatorial climate of the Sierra, significant changes are observed. Also the rainfall regime suffers considerable alteration during the year. Such as the case of Quito weather, city in which rainfall is almost unpredictable and do not necessarily occur between the months of winter.
In the Amazon region the climate is hot and humid, with average temperatures of 25 ° C to 38 ° C and ambient humidity of 90%.The region of the East is even warmer and more humid than the coast. This natural region has characteristics of subtropical climates, also called Equatorial type. This climate is characterized by high humidity and practically constant temperatures slightly changing with the seasons. The rainfall average in the region is important; it surpasses 2 500 mm annual.
The climate of Ecuador in the Insular Region should be divided into: desert, tropical, temperate and cold, with a variation between 12 ° C and 30 ° C.
The Ecuador average temperature is generally hot and subtropical. The geography of the country, crossed by the Andes, has created different climate floors and regions. Thus, the Andean zones are very cold, while in the regions of the coast and the jungle, the temperatures are high and have abundant tropical rains.
Ecuador climate is very contrasting. The weather always depends on the region where you are.
In addition, Ecuador weather conditions depend on the altitude and where it is located, in relation to the mountains and the sea, but it’s generally warm and subtropical.