If you want to travel to Ecuador, it’s important to take precautions, and you can do it with vaccines with regard to healh. In order to safeguard the health and stay away from problems of entrance in the country, it’s recommendable to be vaccinated.
According to doctors immunization should be applied one month before traveling. This is the necessary time becouse the vaccine components stabilize and are at their maximum level of effectiveness.
In the case of Ecuador, the certificate vaccination against yellow fever is required. All travelers over 1 year from countries at risk of disease transmission have to be vaccinated. You must also have this vaccine as a requirement to travel to the Ecuadorian Amazon Region.
In relation to health, consider that in areas under 1,500m.a.s.l it’s a risk of malaria and dengue in a very low level. This epidemic factor also depends on the time of the year and the tourist exposure to the virus mosquitoes. A very simple way to avoid the infection is the use of repellent, fresh clothes to cover arms and legs and an awning to cover you during the rest hours.
You should also consider that risk factors for contagious diseases are: early stages of growth, in the case of children, as well as pregnancy or advanced old age. The country does not require any other type of vaccines, but the authorities of the Ministry of health ( Ministerio de Salud) recommend to take into account the following vaccines: cholera, diphtheria, tetanus, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Polio, rabies and typhoid fever.
Finally, there is a risk of malaria of the following types: P. Falciparum (12%), P. Vivax (88%). Malaria is also transmitted by mosquito bite and in our country is known that the P. Falciparum is resistant to vaccines such as chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. But not be alarmed, this bite prevention is extremely simple and economic, such as the case of dengue. It’s enough with the daily use of insect repellent, also is recommendable to cover the skin with lightweight clothing. You must consider these recommendations if you want to travel to: Esmeraldas, Guayas, Los Ríos, Manabí, Orellana, Pichincha and Sucumbíos. There is no risk in Guayaquil and Quito.
The vaccine wich is totally advisable for children and elderlies is Mefloquine or doxycycline vaccine, as well as atovaquone/proguanil type, which are anti-malaria.
Photocopy your vaccination documents and keep the original document.
Not forget that many of these vaccines cause slight fevers or adverse reactions during the first days. In addition, in pregnancy you should call the doctor before.
It’s recommendable to apply any vaccine and immunization a month before the travel.
If you aren’t from South America, is very important to be vaccinated against yellow fever before entering to Ecuador. It’s absolutely important if you wanna go to the Amazon.