Quito Botanical Garden is home of more than 5,000 plants of about 500 species. The vast majority are native to our country.
Ecuador is one of the countries with the greatest plants diversity per area of the planet; this is because in our small country have been classified 17.000 plants (more species than the entire European continent) which are about 30% calculated specimens of Ecuador. It means that in Ecuador can be found around 50,000 species of plants.
That's why Quito Botanical Garden makes every effort to preserve as many Ecuadorian species as possible. Today, in addition to the important task mentioned, it is focused on protecting, preserving, cultivating, inventory and display diverse native flora of Ecuador.
The Botanical Garden of Quito has an area of 18.200 square meters; is located in the southern sector of Parque La Carolina, north of the city, between Avenida De los Shyris and Amazonas. It offers to visitors different areas where the flora is divided into diverse climatic zones that the Ecuadorian highlands have, in addition to permanent exhibitions of plants with specific characteristics, and warmer region plants which are found in greenhouses.
These climatic zones are: the wetlands, the Cloud Forest and Moorland. There is a greenhouse where there are several plants of the Amazon region; there are themed gardens which exhibit roses, lilies of the valley, bromeliads, palms, important plants for their characteristics and use.
Another special attraction is the exhibition of carnivorous plants. They do not only feed on insects, as most people think, but can also trap and digest small amphibians, fish, worms and rodents. A space called the Ethnobotanical Garden was adapted, in which the guides teach the importance of plants and cultivation in pre-Hispanic cultures that lived in Quito and are still living in the Amazonia. One of the important uses is to apply native plants for home construction such as houses made of adobe, rammed earth or bahareque. Furthermore, they knew how to use plants of several specimens both for physical and spiritual health in different cultural contexts, especially in the Amazonian tribes.
Another subject that is taught is the Andean Chacra. This name is given to crops that our equatorial highlands ancestors used to have. They grew different plants in one spot since ones works as pesticide for another, avoiding the use of pesticides and chemicals that not only becomes into contaminated food, but destroy the soil in which they reside.
But above all the orchid exhibition highlights. In two sections about 1,200 native species of Ecuador are exposed. Ecuador is a country of orchids, this last qualifying is because 4.250 classified species are found in our country, and the number increases. Orchids are divided by sections of cold weather and warm weather, showing these plants that possess famous flowers for their beauty and exoticism. The large amount of orchids Quito Botanical Garden has become its exposure in the largest orchid collection on public display in South America. In addition to guides, Quito Botanical Garden event offers academic, educational, cultural and business spaces, and sale of plants.
Quito Botanical Garden has a large collection of orchids, and is one of the best ways to see these beautiful flowers if you have no time to leave the city.
The Botanical Garden is adjacent to the south-west of La Carolina Park, north of Quito.
The opening hours are Monday to Friday from 8h00 to 17h00, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 9h00 to 17h00.
Entry fee is $ 3.50 USD for adults, $ 2 for children, $ 0.50 USD for children in public schools, free for the disabled.